Hops is used for anxiety, inability to sleep (insomnia) and other sleep disorders, restlessness, tension, excitability, attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), nervousness, and irritability. It is also used to improve appetite, increase urine flow, start the flow of breast milk, as a bitter tonic, and for indigestion. Other uses include prostate cancer, breast cancer, ovarian cancer, high cholesterol, tuberculosis, bladder infections, intestinal cramps, an intestinal disorder called mucous colitis, nerve pain, and prolonged painful erection of the penis (priapism).
Hops is sometimes applied to the skin for leg ulcers and as an antibacterial agent.
In foods and beverages, the extracts and oil are used as flavor components. Hops are also used in brewing beer.
In manufacturing, the extract is used in skin creams and lotions.
How does it work?
The chemicals in hops seem to have weak estrogen effects.